Canadian Permanent Resident (2023)

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Wondering how to get permanent residency in Canada? The PR process in Canada involves determining your eligibility, meeting requirements and completing a PR form!

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Become a permanent resident of Canada

Canada is the land of opportunity and every year thousands of people aspire to become permanent residents and obtain permanent residence cards. In fact, Canada increases the number of successful applicants every year. The Canadian government plans to invite 465,000 people for permanent residency in 2023 and the number is still growing!

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Canadian Permanent Resident (1)Canadian Permanent Resident

What is Canada Permanent Resident?

A permanent resident is someone who immigrates to Canada and acquires permanent resident status but is not a Canadian citizen. Permanent residents are citizens of other countries. Temporary residents of Canada, such as students or foreign workers, are not permanent residents.

How to become a permanent resident of Canada in 2023

Requirements and process steps vary depending on the path chosen. Therefore, it is important to learn more and consider speaking to an immigration expert. Once you have been accepted or invited to become a permanent resident of Canada, you will be issued a Permanent Resident Card.

Who can apply for permanent residency status?

Anyone can apply for permanent residency in Canada, but only those who meet the criteria will be accepted. In order to determine your eligibility for permanent residency, you will be screened by the following people:

  • Alter
  • level of education
  • Knowledge of an official language
  • second official language
  • Canadian work experience

Canadian Permanent Residence Requirements

Each Canadian PR pathway has its own eligibility requirements and it is important to get immigration help and do the right research to ensure you qualify for a particular pathway.

Canadian PR Turnaround Time

How long it takes to get Canadian PR depends on your path and qualifications. For example, if your CRS scores are very good, you may be prompted to apply for permanent residency more quickly, etc.

Related articles:Canadian visa processing time

Permanent residency in Canada

Canadian Permanent Resident Cards are generally valid for 5 years and can be renewed. To maintain your permanent resident status, you must have resided in Canada for 730 days over the five years.

(Video) How To Become a Canadian Permanent Resident

How to lose your permanent residency in Canada

There are several ways to lose your status as a permanent resident of Canada, including:

  1. Does not meet physical attendance requirements
  2. You become a Canadian citizen
  3. Give up your permanent resident status
  4. They become illegal in Canada

Related articles:Do I lose my permanent residency in Canada?

Get a Canadian Permanent Resident Card

With your Permanent Resident Card, you prove that you have permanent residency status in Canada. If you are traveling outside of Canada, you must present your card and passport upon return travel by commercial transportation such as plane, boat, train or bus.

Anyone traveling outside of Canada without a valid permanent resident card or without a permanent resident card must apply for a permanent resident travel document prior to returning to Canada by commercial vehicle.

Renew your permanent resident status

After you obtain permanent residency in Canada, you are responsible for renewing your status every five years. To do this you must:

  • Complete the renewal application online
  • Make sure your passport is valid
  • Make sure you remain eligible for permanent residency in Canada
  • Gather your receipts and
  • Pay the registration fee

Related articles:How to apply for, renew or replace your Canadian Permanent Resident Card

Benefits of permanent residency in Canada

Many foreigners look forward to the benefits of citizenship as they begin a new life in Canada. These benefits include, but are not limited to:

  • Canadian politics- Canadian citizens have more say and can vote in federal, provincial and local elections. Citizens also have the freedom to run for office and participate in politics, meaning they have a say in who governs Canada at all levels of government.
  • senior position- Citizens have the opportunity to apply for top federal jobs, which tend to pay well and offer benefits.
  • dual citizenship- As a Canadian citizen, you do not have to choose Canada as your primary country of residence. If so, you can applydual citizenship.
  • Family- If a child is born in Canada, they are automatically considered a Canadian citizen. This allows you to start a better life for future children without them having to go through the immigration process.
  • Tax-If you become a Canadian citizen and decide to live elsewhere, you may not have to pay Canadian taxes as they are based on residency and not citizenship.

5 main immigration routes to permanent residency in Canada


The Express Entry system manages permanent residency applications for immigrants who, through specific economic immigration programs, can fill jobs in Canada's skills shortage. Browse the links below to learn more!

  • Canada Express Immigration
  • Latest fast track drawings
  • CRS-Score-Rechner

corporate immigration

Canada offers great opportunities for foreigners with business intentions. Canadian corporate immigration is for newcomers with experience of owning, managing, or investing in a business. Browse the links below to learn more!

  • Canadian Business Immigration
  • View from the start
  • self-employment plan

Family Sponsoring

Family sponsorships are a way of bringing Canadian families together. Canadian citizens and permanent residents of Canada can support their family members in immigrating to Canada through various sponsorship programs. Browse the links below to learn more!

  • Family Sponsoring
  • Spouse Sponsorship
  • Supervised

Canadian Experience Course

The Canadian Experience Class (CEC) is an immigration program designed to help temporary foreign workers and foreign students already in Canada apply their work experience and education to their application for permanent residence in Canada. Browse the links below to learn more!

  • Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
  • Find your NOC code
  • Canada Experience Class Frequently Asked Questions

Provincial nomination program

The Provincial Nominee Program is for those who have the skills, education, and work experience to fill Canada's labor shortage. Each province and territory has its own student, business and labor movement. Browse the links below to learn more!

  • Provincial Appointment Scheme (PNPS)
  • Latest PNP draw
  • CRS-Score-Rechner

Change your temporary status to permanent residency

(Video) Express Entry-ഇൽ വലിയ മാറ്റം | Category Draws Launched for Express Entry | Canada Immigration Change

Whether you are temporarily living, working or studying in Canada, you can convert your status to permanent residency.

work visa--Apply for a permanent residence permit perwork visaThis is common and can be done with:

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
  • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
  • Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

study permit -As aInternational students in CanadaIf you are looking for a permanent residence permit, your options are very similar to those of a work permit. The best way to successfully obtain permanent residencystudy permitin Canada is requiredPostgraduate Work Permit (PGWP)Complete the program and then apply for permanent residency.

Visitor Visa – IIt is very rare to successfully convert your temporary status to permanent residencyconsidered as a tourist/visitorBut there are some exceptions. Often the only way to do this is to get qualifiedrefugeeor have a partner who is a Canadian citizen.

Canadian multi-year immigration program

The Canadian program invites and hosts thousands of people each yearpermanent resident.As you can see in the table below, more than 1 million permanent residents have been admitted to live in Canada.

Related articles:Canadian Immigration Multi-Year Plan 2022–2024.







Get help applying for permanent residency in Canada

The process of applying for permanent residency can be complex, time-consuming and difficult. Many temporary residents change their status to permanent residency. Therefore, if you are considering applying for permanent residency in Canada, it is important to use professional immigration assistance throughout your stay in Canada. The last thing you want to hear is that after months (or sometimes years) of waiting, your application has been denied.

With over 15 years of experience, Visaplace has helped thousands of people looking to immigrate to Canada! We look forward to assisting you in achieving your immigration goals.

Are you interested in permanent immigration to Canada?

Visaplace has helped thousands of expatriates around the world gain permanent residency in Canada in a variety of ways, and we can help you too! Speak to an immigration expert to find out if you qualify and find the best option for you!

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(Video) Future of Canada Immigration | Biggest Changes in Express Entry Revealed in Bill C-19 for Canada PR


What are the reasons for denial of permanent residence in Canada? ›

There are many reasons why permanent residence applications can get refused such as criminality, health, misrepresentation, not meeting eligibility requirements, not providing with right documents or having incomplete or inconsistent forms, losing documents, missing deadlines, or confronting a mistake committed by IRCC ...

What if there is not enough space for imm5669e? ›

If there is not enough space to provide all the necessary information, attach to this form a separate sheet of paper with further details. Print your name at the top of each additional sheet and indicate the form's title and the number of the question you are answering. 6.

Can a Canadian permanent resident be denied entry? ›

If your PR card has expired and you do not meet the residency requirements, of course, the question will be more intense. The officer also has the right to deny you entry if he is not satisfied that you meet the residency requirements. It is therefore very important that you have proper representation.

How long can I stay out of Canada as a permanent resident? ›

If you haven't been in Canada for at least 730 days during the last five years, you may lose your PR status.

What is the rejection rate of Canada PR? ›

From India alone, around 230,000 applications have been submitted in 2022 for Canada study permit. A rise in applications has resulted in a surplus of Canada student visa rejections. As of September 2022, the Canadian student visa rejection rate is 60% for many of the Indian states.

What is the acceptance rate for PR in Canada? ›

Economic permanent residency applications in Canada are being accepted at the highest rate since at least 2000, an analysis by the Investigative Journalism Foundation (IJF) shows. In 2021, 378,200 people or 97.5 per cent of those who applied to be economic permanent residents, were accepted.

What should I do if I don't have enough space on the form to explain everything? ›

What should I do? If you need more space to explain your situation, attach a separate sheet of paper. On the paper, give the full answer. Write the letter or number of the question you are answering.

What does it mean when it says not enough free space? ›

If your PC is running low on free space, you might not be able to install important Windows updates, and your PC's performance may be affected. Here are some ways to free up space so you can keep your PC up to date and running smoothly.

Who should fill out IMM 5669? ›

This form must be filled out by the principal applicant, including when they are younger than 18 years old although in that case the form should be signed by a parent or guardian.

Can I stay on green card forever? ›

Although some Permanent Resident Cards, commonly known as Green Cards, contain no expiration date, most are valid for 10 years. If you have been granted conditional permanent resident status, the card is valid for 2 years. It is important to keep your card up-to-date.

Can a Canadian permanent resident be deported? ›

A permanent resident loses their permanent residence status and faces deportation from Canada if they become inadmissible on grounds of serious criminality. Depending on the circumstances, even people who came to Canada as refugees may be deported.

Can permanent residents be deported? ›

Even someone with a green card (lawful permanent residence) can, upon committing certain acts or crimes, become deportable from the United States and removed.

Can a US citizen get permanent residency in Canada? ›

Applying for Permanent Residence in Canada for American Citizens. Canada offers the “Express Entry” system, processing applications as quickly as six months. Through this process American citizens can apply for Permanent Residence (PR) status based on a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).

How do I keep my Canadian residency while living abroad? ›

To keep your permanent resident status, you must have been in Canada for at least 730 days during the last five years. These 730 days don't need to be continuous. Some of your time abroad may count towards the 730 days.

How many days can a US permanent resident stay in Canada? ›

No visa is required to simply travel to Canada if you are a U.S. citizen or permanent resident with a green card. Generally, permanent residents are allowed to travel to Canada freely and remain for a 6-month stay. You can also apply for an extension if you want to stay longer.

Is it easier to get PR in Canada or US? ›

Both countries do promote international student programs but converting to a permanent residency in Canada is simpler and more efficient than the US version.

Is it difficult to get job in Canada after PR? ›

If you have already received a permanent residency in Canada, it is easy for you to obtain a job offer from Canada. The employers in Canada prefer the applicants with Canada PR, and this is where you get the edge over the other overseas applicants, who don't have the PR visa approval.

Does US visa refusal affect Canada PR? ›

It should be mentioned that being refused a temporary visa (student, work or visitor) does not mean you can't apply for Canadian Permanent Residence. In fact, many refusals for temporary visas are because the visa officer has concerns that you will not leave Canada at the end of your Canadian status.

What is the fastest way to get PR in Canada? ›

Even those sponsored by family members living in Canada can gain permanent residency in Canada. With a Canada Start-Up Visa, eligible entrepreneurs can obtain Canadian PRs. But for most individuals exploring ways to migrate to Canada, the Express Entry system is the quickest way for Canadian immigration in 2023.

Is Canada worth it for PR? ›

It is a safe and secure destination to settle. Immigrants with permanent residency in Canada have all the rights under Canadian Charter 6 to be protected by the government and authorities. People giving priority to safety count this as the most important benefit of living in Canada. Start your PR Journey!

What is the Harvard of Canada? ›

McGill University is Canada's second finest university, trailing only Toronto. This reflects in McGill University's status as Canada's Harvard and Toronto University's status as the country's Oxford.

How do I make more space on my documents? ›

  1. Select Start > Settings > System > Storage > Cleanup recommendations. Open Storage settings.
  2. Select the temporary files, unused files, files synced to the cloud, or unused apps you want to remove, then select the Clean up button for each section.

How do I get more spaces? ›

Create More Space In Your Home With These Tips
  1. Add Mirrors. Mirrors can make a space look larger and brighter. ...
  2. Add The Right Balance Of Furniture. ...
  3. Build More Storage. ...
  4. Take Advantage Of High Ceilings. ...
  5. Manipulate Purposes Of Rooms. ...
  6. Hide Extra Clothing. ...
  7. Clean Up Your Bathroom. ...
  8. Store Belongings In An Ottoman.
Jun 16, 2016

How do you solve lack of space at home? ›

5 Solutions to Shortage of Space in your Home
  1. Use efficient designs for a storage building.
  2. Build shelves on walls.
  3. Lofting.
  4. Hang utensils on the wall.
  5. Furniture rearrangement.
Jun 18, 2021

What is the difference between free space and available space? ›

On an EXT file system, a proportion of the free space is reserved for root usage, as the system needs some of this free space to run properly. The available space is the Free space, less this reserved amount.

How many GB of free space should I leave? ›

Mechanical Hard Drives

For most HDDs, it is recommended to leave 15% to 20% of a drive empty. The free space on traditional hard drives is important so that Windows could defragment it. A minimum of 15% free space will allow Windows to properly defragment the drive.

How much free space is recommended? ›

For better performance, you should leave about 20% free space on a hard drive or the PC will slow down; If you want to defrag efficiently, then, there should be at least 10% free space left. Once the hard disk is 80% full, you should consider them full.

What is the question 6 on the IMM 5669? ›

The permanent resident application form – IMM 5669 (06-2019) E the question at Box 6 (d) reads, “been refused refugee status, an immigrant or permanent resident visa (including a Certificat de selection du Quebec (CSQ) or application to the Provincial Nominee Program) or visitor or temporary resident visa, to Canada or ...

How to fill Canada PR? ›

Apply for permanent residence: Express Entry
  1. Fill out the online form.
  2. Scan and upload the documents.
  3. Pay your fees.
  4. Submit your complete application.
  5. After you apply.
  6. Check your application status.

What does it mean please leave no gaps in your address history? ›

Eliminating gaps: There must be no gap between the end date at every previous address and the start date at every new address. For example, if one lease ended Jan. 31, 2020, but the applicant's next lease started Feb. 15, 2020, they must still provide an address for the two-week period between Feb. 1 and Feb.

What is the 6 month rule for green card holders? ›

1. Absence of More than 6 Months (but Less than 1 Year) An absence of more than 6 months (more than 180 days) but less than 1 year (less than 365 days) during the period for which continuous residence is required (also called “the statutory period”) is presumed to break the continuity of such residence.

What is the 7 years green card rule? ›

The new immigration registry bill would replace the 1972 cutoff date with a rolling eligibility, allowing individuals to apply for registry after living continuously in the United States for at least seven years and meeting certain admissibility requirements.

Can I lose my 10 years green card? ›

Most people who are losing their residence do so for one of three reasons: fraud, crimes, or abandonment. If You Commit Fraud When Applying for Your Green Card: If you lie, or intentionally omit material facts or commit any fraud while applying, the government may revoke your green card.

Can I lose my permanent resident status in Canada if I divorce? ›

Generally speaking, you don't need to worry about your citizenship, residency or immigration status being influenced by your divorce. Permanent residents or anyone who has gained citizenship since moving to Canada cannot lose their status or be removed from the country at the end of their marriage.

What is the most common reason for deportation in Canada? ›

Some of the most common reasons for inadmissibility are criminality, health issues, security issues, financial concerns, or misrepresentation. If you entered Canada illegally as an inadmissible person, you may be subject to deportation.

Can Canada deport dual citizen? ›

People get deported for committing crimes, violating immigration rules (e.g. illegally obtaining your immigration status), or being a security threat to other Canadians. If you are a Canadian citizen, and do not hold any other citizenship (dual citizen), you are not at risk of being deported.

Has a US citizen ever been deported? ›

While it's relatively rare for a naturalized US citizen to get deported by the government, it can happen through a process called denaturalization. US citizens can be denaturalized if they: Partake in fraudulent or illegal activities during the naturalization process.

Can a permanent resident get a US passport? ›

Who can get a US passport? There are three different ways to obtain a US passport: You are a Green Card holder (also called “Lawful Permanent Resident” or “LPR”) who meets the eligibility requirements. You were born outside the USA, but you have parents who are US citizens.

Can permanent residents come back to US? ›

A Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR) of the United States who has stayed abroad for less than one year or within the validity of I-327 (re-entry permit)and wishes to re-enter the United States has to present a Green Card (Form I-551, Permanent Resident Card) in order to be permitted to board a flight to the United States.

Is it worth moving to Canada from USA? ›

The three biggest virtues the Canadian society offers its new immigrants are – an excellent public health care system, high quality of living, and the lowest crime rates. These reasons make Canada your first choice.

How hard is it for an American to move to Canada? ›

Generally speaking, moving to Canada is not too difficult. Because Canada is open to welcoming new immigrants and offers several immigration programs, it's easier for you to qualify for one immigration stream. Still, you have to meet the requirements for the pathway you want to apply for.

Can I have both Canadian PR and US green card? ›

Yes you do. U.S. greencard holders do not need a visa to go to Canada, but there's no reciprocity on this subject. Canadian PRs do not have any entry privileges to the U.S. Furthermore, a PR status constitutes `intent to immigrate` as defined in the U.S. immigration law.

How long I can stay outside Canada if I have PR? ›

The 5-year period is assessed on a rolling basis. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) will look back at your time in Canada over the previous 5 years. This means that you can spend a total of up to 3 years outside of Canada during a 5-year period.

How can I maintain my Canadian PR without staying in Canada? ›

Your time outside of Canada may count toward your permanent resident status if you meet 1 of these conditions:
  1. You work outside Canada. You need to work full-time for: ...
  2. You travel with a spouse or common-law partner. Your spouse or common-law partner needs to be: ...
  3. You're a dependent child and travel with your parent.

Can a permanent resident be denied entry to Canada? ›

In rare circumstances such as serious criminality, even a Canadian Permanent Resident Card (Canada PR Card) holder could be deported or refused entry at the border. If you have been denied entry to Canada, it may be possible to obtain the notes of your border denial from the Government.

Do Canadian permanent residents need visa for USA? ›

Canadians typically do not require visas to enter the United States, although there are some exceptions. Citizens of certain other countries also do not require entry visas to visit the United States. For more information, please visit the Visa Waiver section of the State Department website.

What happens if a Canadian stay in the U.S. longer than 6 months? ›

Extending Stay Beyond Six Months

For those intending to stay beyond the six-month mark, applying for an extension with the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) through USCIS Form I-539 is necessary.

How long can I live in Canada with a US green card? ›

U.S. law holds that a resident alien (Green Card holder) MAY NOT stay outside the U.S. for the period of one year without losing his/her legal permanent resident status.

What happens if permanent residency is denied? ›

USCIS will send you an official notice explaining why it denied your application. But it will not return your fees, and you won't receive an employment-based green card or lawful permanent resident status. Having your green card denied after a long wait may seem like the end of the road, but that's not always the case.

Can you be denied permanent resident? ›

USCIS can deny a green card application if they determine that the applicant is inadmissible to the U.S. Reasons for a denial range from errors and incomplete application to criminal history or even the lack of required vaccinations.

What are the conditions to keep permanent resident status in Canada? ›

To keep your permanent resident status, you must have been in Canada for at least 730 days during the last five years. These 730 days don't need to be continuous. Some of your time abroad may count towards the 730 days.

How do I know if I am inadmissible to Canada? ›

Any visitor who has ever been convicted of a misdemeanor or felony could be deemed inadmissible according to Canadian law unless they obtain special entrance permission from the Government of Canada, especially if the offense happened in the last ten years.

Why might permanent residency applications fail? ›

If you entered the U.S. unlawfully, have prior immigration violations, failed to attend removal proceedings, or otherwise abused the U.S. immigration process, you may be ineligible for a green card.

What can cause a permanent resident to be deported? ›

How crimes of moral turpitude, aggravated felonies, and other crimes can make even a green card holder deportable from the United States. Updated by Ilona Bray, J.D. All immigrants, including those with green cards, can be deported if they violate U.S. laws.

Why would a permanent resident be deported? ›

If you don't manage to meet the residence conditions, then you will get deported. This applies if you are a conditional permanent resident, such as a child or spouse of a citizen or permanent resident of the U.S. It also includes investor entrepreneurs and the family who receive temporary, 2-year green cards.

What proves permanent residency? ›

The only acceptable evidence includes one of the following:

Copy of U.S. civil issued birth certificate. Copy of alien registration card. Copy of naturalization/citizenship certificate.

How many people are denied Green Cards? ›

In a Nutshell

Every year, about 810,558 immigrants apply to become U.S. Lawful Permanent Residents (“LPRs,” better known as green card holders) through family members. Of these, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (“USCIS”) approves about 88% and denies 12%.

How do you qualify as a permanent resident? ›

You can become a permanent resident in several ways, including:
  1. sponsorship by a family member or U.S. employer;
  2. refugee or asylee status or other humanitarian programs; or.
  3. individual filing.
Sep 29, 2022

How long does it take to get Canadian PR? ›

To apply for Canadian citizenship you must have permanent resident (PR) status in Canada and have been physically present in Canada for at least 1095 days (approximately three years) during the five years before the date you sign your application.

Does Canada check US criminal records? ›

Does Canada know about US criminal records? When Americans travel across the border into Canada, the border officers will be able to see their criminal records. To guarantee the safety of its citizens, Canada and the United States exchange criminal background information via travel documents.

Can a Canadian be denied entry to USA? ›

Other than a few exceptions, if you are a resident of Canada and have a criminal record (even if you have been pardoned) you will need a USA Waiver to visit the United States of America. Otherwise, you could be denied entry at the US border.

How many immigrants get rejected in Canada? ›

In the first two months of 2021, a total of 34,046 visitor visa applications were processed, 7,272 of which resulted in a refusal. While Canada assesses all applications using the same criteria, some of the factors considered are an applicant's country of residence and country of citizenship.


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