Fearless Shakespeare: Macbeth: Act 5 Scene 1 | SparkNotes (2023)

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introduceDOCTORof physics and a waitHIDALGO

ADOCTORand a wait-GENTLEMEN A maid of honor is an upper-class woman whose job is to serve the queen. GENTLEMANtap.


I've been on watch with you for two nights, but I can't see any truth in your report. When was the last time you walked?


eIv tdaesy hasta usted rfo otw snhitg own, nda I avnteh esen ayn vceeidne of wtah uoy wree kingtla aubto. When the last hour occurred, do you see reh lnekagsewipl?


Since Her Majesty went to the country I have seen her get up, throw her nightgown over her, open the cupboard, take a piece of paper, fold it, write on it, read it, then close it and go back to bed. back to bed. ; All this, however, during a very fast sleep.


ncSie ctbeahM newt to awr, I aevh snee erh reis ofrm rhe deb, upt on erh nhwotigng, kuclon her telocs, take uot msoe prpea, lfod it, itwer on it, ared it, aesl up, and décimo tnruer to ebd, merngaini sleep teherneit tiem.


A great interruption in nature, instantly get the benefit of sleep and make the impact of vigilance. Aside from her walk and other royal performances, what have you heard from her at some point in this sleepy frenzy?


It is true to be eeapsl and atc as is oeyru eakwa. hes is a bit of history, seesbdi nlwgkia dan rpfemonrgi vuorais tiviceista, did you hear it yas niahyngt?


I won't tell you this, sir.


See yssa smengohti, irs, but im crazy to pretend yoy.


For me you can, and it is more appropriate than you should.


can you tell me or and real housing.


Neither you nor anyone else, since I have no witnesses to corroborate my speech.


I will not offend you or anyone who sees this, even if they are not new to swearing on their Ephesians.

TapDAMA MACBETHwith a cone

MBTAEC DELAYserent, nhliogd a dcnael.

Here she is. This is her costume; and, for the life of me, fast asleep. Take care of her, stay close to her.

ookL, listen to that socme! hTis is atyexlc woh hse asywal seems, danI rasew hseti is tfas seplea. To talk with her. eepK them.


15How did you get this light?


It's not ready yet?


Why, he stayed by her side. She always has light through her. This is your request.


É tsnsda por reh ddiseeb. heS lawyas ahs a igthl xent to have reh. eThso era rhe dorers.


You see that his eyes are open.


uoY that, ehr seye heard enop.


Yes, but his mind is closed.


Sim, ubt ehty nodt ese atgihynn.


What is she doing now? Look how she rubs her hands together.


What's wrong with me? ooLk como ehs rbsu tu nhsda.


It is customary for her to appear like this to wash her hands. I saw her go on like this for a quarter of an hour.


hSe a menudo hay atth. Véase olsko ekil shes ahinws reh asdhn. veI nees ehr do tath fobeer rof as nogl as fftneie eisutnm.


However, here is a point.


Teers tllsi a place in its place.


Hear! She talks. I will record what comes from it to further satisfy my memory.


tense! sehS gtialkn. I squirm while she is, so lIl eebrmmer it rteebt.


Away, you damn stitch! I say out! One two. So why is it time to do this? Hell is dark! What a pity, sir, what a pity! A soldier and fear? What should we fear, who knows, if no one can call our power to account? But who would have thought that the old man had so much blood in him.


(rbnuibg ehr ahdns)Tomorrow mCeo, ndmdea tpso! Oh, I know you! thanks OK, I have to do this now. EllH is rmyuk! neonNess, my lord, seeonsnn! You hear a lserdo, isn't it true that rae iaadfr? Why hldsuo we are cardes, we don't see ancanly het lugti npou us?


Do you mark it?


What did you eat?


The Baron of Fife had a wife. Where is she now? What, these hands never get clean? Enough of that, my lord, enough of that. You ruined that start.


The hnaet from fiFe hda to wefi. ErheW she is now, lwli can my hand be aclen? No more ttah, my rlod, no more ahtt. llYuo rnui renyhvietg de gnatic ttaresld eilk tshi.


Go, go. You know what not to do.


WoN ookl tahw knows you. uovHis moihgsnet uoy sndhltuo avhe.


She said the wrong thing to have, I'm sure. God knows what hit her.


ehS idsa hnigomset ehs uldshnto hvea dais, Im usre von atth. eHvean sokwn o que sresect ehss egekipn.


It still smells of blood in here. Not all the aromas of Arabia will sweeten this little hand. Ay ay ay!


Tomaré algo de Bodol en mi Dhan. lAl the emfpreus of raiAab outcnld amke my lettli adnh sllem rtetbe. ¡Ay, ay, ay!


What a sigh! The heart is extremely stressed.


atw un eahyv hgis! eHr aehtr is rgrynica a ahyve githew.


I would not have such a heart in my chest for the dignity of the whole body.


I'm a lkei rhes vene hater, yes that's me, uneq amde.


Well well well.


elWl, monja, lwle.


Pray to god sir.


¡Me gusta htaw hses aigyns, irs!


This disease is out of my practice. But I know those who slept and died holy in their beds.


These iesades are doyben my cideaml skllsi. tub i wnokn all the pweeaelkdls in the etnerw giutyl of gnniyhta.


Wash your hands. Put on your sweater. Don't look so pale. I repeat, bury Banquos; she cannot stay in the grave.


Wsah oruy snahd. Ptu en rouy gigwtonhn. onDt kolo so edthefnigr. I llte oyu ginaa, oBuqan es rdubei. Él no te come de su vreag.


Even so?


Is this true?


To bed, to bed. there is a knock on the door. Come, come, come, come. Give me your hand. What is done cannot be undone. To bed, to bed, to bed!


For deb, for bde! SheTre a kgocinnk en eth etga. eCmo, eocm, omec, cemo, igve me uroy nhda. Watch noed tcnnao ser ounedn. A dbe, a la cama, a dbe!


Aldy MthebacFeuer


Are you going to bed now?


ilWl esh ir para deb wno?




seY, gtirh aywa.


Dirty whispers are abroad. unnatural acts

50Create unnatural problems. infected heads

To your numb pillows your secrets are downloaded.

He needs the divine more than the doctor.

God, God forgive us all! take care of her,

remove from her the means of all troubles,

55And still keep an eye on her. So good night.

My mind matched them and it dazed my vision.

I think, but I dare not speak.


lEvi umrosr oreja ngiog draoun. ltraUnuan ctas lwli seauc

lruraeapntsu lwnkeSaelgip dna slikeaplgnte erew iscreenddo sraeartlnpuu nesvet in esaeerpSahsk time.supernatural

ntishg to appear. oPlepe itwh tliguy y ndrdgaee dnsmi lilw sfosenc irteh esrscte to ethir wslpoli as height eepsl. ihsT onmaw esedn the oemr triceps atnh the ocodrt. good for all of us!(para o tagiiwn-HIDALGO)okLo atref ehr. eRevmo anhitgny hse ightm thur heflsre with. cWtah deer tntlynocsa. nAd now, ogdo-inhtg. ehS and bldederewi my center and madzea my eye. I have an onoipin but dton aedr to ysa uot doul.


Good night, good doctor.


Gdoo itghn, kleiner Tdcroo.

they go

Or etix.


How is Macbeth brave in Act 5? ›

Key character: Macbeth's courage

By giving in to the temptation that the witches offer, he loses almost every aspect of his true humanity. Even his courage temporarily deserts him (V. 8.18) when he learns from Macduff how false the prophecies are – yet his courage returns at the end: he will not yield.

What does Macbeth fear in Act 5? ›

Macbeth rushes to see for himself, and realizes the witches tricked him. He feels fear for the first time, calls to raise the alarm, and says that at least he will die fighting.

How is Macbeth presented as fearless? ›

He is in a fearless mood: the prophecies give him complete confidence that he is untouchable. A servant is jeered as he reports that the English troops are arriving. Macbeth orders his armour and asks the doctor to cure his wife. He dismisses the doctor's medical advice and asks him instead what would cure his country.

How does Shakespeare present Macbeth in Act 5 Scene 1? ›

Shakespeare uses the symbol of Hallicination to present the theme of Guilt in Act 5, scene 1. Lady Macbeth is hallucinating a "spot" of blood on her hands, Duncan's blood, and prehaps even the blood of the other characters killed as a result of Macbeth's killing spree, like Banquo.

Was Macbeth fearless? ›

Shakespeare shows Macbeth as fearless, but also desperate – he has come to totally depend on the prophecies as his sole source of information and support. We see how Macbeth's reign of terror extends to all those around him.

How does Macbeth show his bravery? ›

Macbeth clearly exhibits bravery when he fights for his country, this is acknowledged by King Duncan who rewards Macbeth with the title of Thane of Cawdor. Macbeth is characterised as a “valiant” warrior at the start of the play and furthermore, Rosse calls Macbeth “Bellona's bridegroom”.

Who does Macbeth fear in Act 5? ›

those linen cheeks of thine / Are counsellors to fear" (5.3. 16-17). A counsellor is someone who gives advice, so "counsellors to fear" would tell someone to be afraid. Macbeth feels that the boy's pale cheeks are telling him that he, too, should be afraid, and if he fears nothing else, Macbeth does fear fear itself.

Why does Macbeth seem fearful? ›

Macbeth is fearful of how the witches know his deepest desires to be king. If word were to get out about Macbeth's sinful thoughts and his desire for power, he believes that we would be ruined.

What is Macbeth's attitude in Act 5? ›

Macbeth has become violent and inconsistent with his servants, his conduct and speech are wild. He repeats and contradicts himself and does not seem able to listen properly to what others say.

What quotes show that Macbeth is brave? ›

Terms in this set (5)
  • "Bellona's bridegroom" ...
  • "As sparrows eagles or the hare the lion" ...
  • "Bear-like I must fight the course" ...
  • "Why do you start and seem to fear things that do sound so fair" ...
  • "When you durst do it, then you were a man."

Who describes Macbeth as brave? ›

The Captain describes Macbeth's actions on the battlefield particularly when he seeks out and kills the traitor Macdonwald. The Captain uses a number of strong verbs and adjectives to show how brave Macbeth has been: 'brandished', 'smoked', 'carved', 'unseamed', 'fixed'.

Who is fearful in Macbeth? ›

Macbeth is fearful of his wife because of her condescending attitude towards him. Lady Macbeth uses his fear of her disapproval to manipulate him into killing Duncan.

What is important about Act 5 Scene 1 Macbeth? ›

Lady Macbeth's guilt makes it impossible for her to hide the horrors that she and Macbeth have committed. Her conscience is rebelling against the unnatural fiend that ambition has turned her into.

What does Act 5 Scene 1 symbolize in Macbeth? ›

Before lady Macbeth kills King Duncan, all she wants is power and she is determined to get it. After she kills Duncan, all she wants to do is get the blood off her hands. The blood symbolizes more than just the killing of Duncan, it symbolizes the power she now has and the determination she once had.

How is Lady Macbeth presented as powerful in Act 5 Scene 1? ›

Shakespeare presents Lady Macbeth as a powerful woman right from her first appearance in the play. She is given a soliloquy which reveals to the audience that she is determined to make herself as powerful as possible in order to support her husband in gaining the throne.

Was Macbeth a brave soldier? ›

Macbeth is a brave soldier and a powerful man, but he is not a virtuous one. He is easily tempted into murder to fulfill his ambitions to the throne, and once he commits his first crime and is crowned King of Scotland, he embarks on further atrocities with increasing ease.

How is Macbeth presented strong? ›

When we are introduced to Macbeth, he is presented as the stereotypical hero, the ideal warrior. He fulfils the expectations of masculinity and proves his manhood. Shakespeare uses his ​noble status​to give him a place to fall from. All tragic heroes have to start at the top, so that they can fall.

Why is brave Macbeth important? ›

Shakespeare creates an impression to the audience of Macbeth as a servant of bravery as the word "brave" suggests he is very loyal and noble . His brutality in the battlefield revealed his courageousness and that is why the Captain calls Macbeth ' brave Macbeth'.

How is Macbeth rewarded for his bravery by who? ›

Duncan rewards Macbeth for his bravery for defeating the rebels by inviting him to the ceremony where he tells Malcom that he's next in line for the throne. Duncan said this in front of Macbeth, which made him mad since the witches already told him that he was going to be next in line for the throne.

How does Macbeth reveal his insecurities Act 5? ›

"The devil damn thee black, thou cream-faced loon!" What does Macbeth reveal about his basic insecurity? Macbeth fears that he is becoming old and his age may affect his performance in battle.

What does Lady Macbeth fear Scene 5? ›

Lady Macbeth reads her husband's letter about his meeting the witches. She fears that Macbeth lacks the ruthlessness he needs to kill Duncan and fulfill the witches' second prophecy.

How does Macbeth reveal his basic insecurity in Act 5 Scene 3? ›

Macbeth dismisses all reports about Malcolm's army, saying he'll fear nothing until Birnam Wood marches to Dunsinane and mocking Malcolm as a man born of woman. He shouts for his servant Seyton to bring his armor, then muses how sick at heart he feels, how withered his life has become.

What is Lady Macbeth afraid of in Act 5 Scene 1? ›

Who is Lady Macbeth afraid of? Banquo's ghost coming back to haunt her as he did Macbeth and the possibility of going to hell to be punished for her sins.

How does Macbeth show fear and paranoia? ›

Macbeth is plagued by insomnia and his wife, Lady Macbeth, is prone to sleepwalking. As the play develops, Macbeth becomes increasingly paranoid that his misdeeds will be uncovered. The ghost of his old friend Banquo, who he has ordered to be killed, returns to haunt Macbeth, symbolising his guilty conscience.

What causes macbeths nervousness and fear? ›

In this act, what causes Macbeth's nervousness and fear? her own determination.

What is the mood in Macbeth Act 5 Scene 1? ›

Lady Macbeth's sanity 'broke' by great emotional pressure from the guilt she repressed and she has gone mad so the mood was an explosive dramatic mood since the speech used strong verbs and strong imagery inviting the reader to build a certain tension while reading it.

What is Macbeth's tragic flaw in Act 5? ›

His ambition becomes his master, his tragic flaw. Even though Macbeth succumbs to his desire for power, his actions as the end of the play approaches reflect the man whom he used to be. His tragic impulse to confront his inevitable tragedy with bravery reminds readers of what makes Macbeth a tragic hero.

What character trait does Macbeth reveal as he meets his fate Act 5? ›

His boldness and impression of personal invincibility mark him out for a tragic fall.

Who says brave Macbeth quote? ›

This line is spoken by Ross to Macbeth, explaining how pleased Duncan was with the bravery Macbeth showed during the rebellion. Ross highlights that Macbeth showed solidarity and patriotism for defending Scotland against a usurper, and indicates that these qualities make Macbeth worthy of praise and honor.

Is bravery a theme in Macbeth? ›

Key theme: Bravery

Macbeth and Banquo are both presented as heroic warriors. It could be argued that both remain brave throughout the play, though of course many of Macbeth's later actions are wicked and cowardly. Notice how appeals to courage always tempt Macbeth – for Macbeth bravery is the essence of being a man.

Does Macbeth pride himself on his bravery? ›

In Shakespeare's play Macbeth, Macbeth portrays a person whose pride eventually takes them down. His pride is encouraged by his success in battle and by three witches who try to manipulate Macbeth by prophesizing that he will soon be king.

What is fear Macbeth quotes? ›

Terms in this set (5)
  • 'fear not Macbeth no man thats born of a woman/Shall e'er have power upon thee' Macduff was born by caesarean . ...
  • 'brandished steel smoked with bloody execution' ...
  • 'What, will these hands ne'er be clean?" ...
  • 'Out dammed spot! ...
  • 'Thou canst not say I did it; I am afraid yo think what have I done'

How is Lady Macbeth fearful? ›

20-22) Lady Macbeth is afraid to fall asleep in fear of having another nightmare. Her paranoia prevents her from enjoying her life as queen and her past sins seem useless. She feels happier being the wife of a thane, than she feels being a queen.

What happens in Act 5 Scene 1? ›

Summary: In exile, Romeo wakes up after having a dream in which he dies and is kissed back to life by Juliet. His confidante, Bathalsar, arrives to tell him the sad news: Juliet is dead (Balthasar is not in on Juliet's plan).

How is Lady Macbeth presented in Act 5 Scene 1 analysis? ›

In this extract, we see these consequences through her apparent insanity, as the mental toil and burden of her crime's dawns on her. This opposes her character at the start of the play, where she was heavily perceived as being manipulative and domineering, further depicting her as the deuteragonist of the play.

What is the main theme of Macbeth Act 5? ›

The major theme of this chapter is nihilism, specifically how Macbeth exhibits a nihilistic worldview. Nihilism: The belief that traditional morals, ideas, beliefs, etc., have no worth or value.

What does Lady Macbeth feel guilty about in Act 5 Scene 1? ›

Lady Macbeth obsessively washes her hands in the fifth act of the play in order to wash off the imaginary blood on them, a reminder of the guilt she has over the killings she and her husband carried out.

What is the irony in Macbeth Act 5 Scene 1? ›

Her belief that nothing can wash away the blood is an ironic reversal of her earlier claim to Macbeth that “a little water clears us of this deed” (II. 2.65). Lady Macbeth says, "What's done cannot be undone", which is the contrary to her earlier argument with her husband where she says "What's done is done" (III.

What is one word to describe Lady Macbeth in Act 5 Scene 1? ›

Adjectives to describe Lady Macbeth: Manipulative, ruthless, dominating, ambitious.

What is Lady Macbeth doing at the beginning of Scene 5 Act 1? ›

Act 1 Scene 5

Lady Macbeth reads a letter from her husband about his encounter with the witches. She fears that her husband is 'too full o'th'milk of human kindness to catch the nearest way' of achieving the throne. She wants him to come home quickly so that she can 'pour' her words of ambition into his ears.

How does Macbeth act in Act 5? ›

Act V: Downfall of the Macbeths

Macbeth fortifies his castle at Dunsinane and prepares for a long siege. Macbeth learns his wife has died – apparently by suicide – but he is unconcerned, as his life appears to lack any meaning. He is enraged when a messenger tells him that Birnan Wood is coming to Dunsinane.

What becomes of Macbeth in Act 5? ›

Act 5 Scene 8

When Macbeth claims he cannot be defeated because he has a 'charmed life', Macduff reveals that he was 'from his mother's womb untimely ripped'. The witches' prophecy comes true as Macduff kills Macbeth.

What is the main idea of Macbeth Act 5? ›

Lady Macbeth's guilt makes it impossible for her to hide the horrors that she and Macbeth have committed. Her conscience is rebelling against the unnatural fiend that ambition has turned her into.

What is Act 5 Scene 1 about critically Analysed in Macbeth? ›

Summary and Analysis Act V: Scene 1

Lady Macbeth has gone mad. Like her husband, she cannot find any rest, but she is suffering more clearly from a psychological disorder that causes her, as she sleepwalks, to recall fragments of the events of the murders of Duncan, Banquo, and Lady Macduff.

Who killed Macbeth in Act 5? ›

Macduff defeats Macbeth

In this scene, Macduff confronts Macbeth inside the castle. Macbeth taunts Macduff but Macduff just wants to fight. Macbeth claims that he cannot be defeated because of the witches' prophecy but Macduff then reveals that he was born by Caesarean birth.

What is the climax of Act 5 Macbeth? ›

In Act 5, scene 4 of Macbeth, Malcolm returns to fight for his rightful place as king. The climax of the play shows Malcolm returning with an army.

What does blood symbolize Act 5 Scene 1 Macbeth? ›

Blood: Blood is used to show the guilt Lady Macbeth is living with. “Out damned spot! Out, I say!” is what she says thinking that there is blood on her hands, and maybe not physical blood, but she is filled with guilt for the murders she committed.

What does Lady Macbeth say in Act 5 Scene 1? ›

LADY MACBETH 65Wash your hands. Put on your nightgown. buried; he cannot come out on 's grave. DOCTOR Even so?


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